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There are many ways of getting around in the US, from the affordable convenience of driving a personal vehicle to the many forms of well-priced public transport. An expat's choice of transport will depend not only on their location but also on their budget, how much time they are willing to spend commuting and how much they value convenience and comfort.
Driving in the USA
A car may not be a necessity for those living in one of the larger metropolitan areas of the US, such as San Francisco or New York City. Highly urbanised areas usually have extensive local and regional transit networks. Those moving to a smaller location are likely to need a car to do almost anything that isn't within easy walking distance.
The system of roads and highways in the US is relatively easy to navigate, even with the moderate to severe traffic congestion that exists in some urban areas. Driving a car also means having to find a parking space, but in some cases free or discounted parking is available.
While fuel costs in the US are reasonable, the cost of driving a vehicle can become expensive depending on location, distance travelled and how frequently a person drives. The great majority of Americans still choose to drive for reasons of convenience, safety and freedom to travel as they wish.
Expats who already have a driving licence from their home country are permitted to drive in the US until they become a resident of their state – usually after a period of a year, but this varies from state to state. It is generally not necessary to obtain an International Driving Permit (IDP) unless one's licence is in a language other than English.
Once a foreigner becomes a resident of the state they are residing in, they should visit the local Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) in order to obtain a US driver's licence. Expats may need to take a test to get a local licence, though nationals of some countries are exempt from this.
Public transport in the USA
Amtrak provides intercity railway services in the US, linking more than 500 destinations. Tickets can be purchased online, at station kiosks, over the phone, at staffed stations and onboard trains.
Local railways and subways
More than half of American states have passenger railway services in some form, though the extent of the services available varies. While underground train services are usually described as subways, some railway routes have both underground and ground-level train stops.
Railway travel in the US is inexpensive and convenient, offering similar discounts as other forms of public transport. Some cities also have trains connecting to major airports, saving commuters time, money, and the hassle of dealing with traffic and parking.
While some large cities and towns have their own rail or subway service, smaller towns or suburbs may not have this convenience. In these cases, there should at least be some type of public bus service available. Fares are reasonable in many cases, with discounts often available to students, senior citizens and other individuals on specific tickets.
Several bus companies, such as Greyhound, offer economical intercity services compared to trains, air travel, and even driving. While lacking the conveniences of other types of transport, intercity bus services are a low-cost alternative.
Taxis in the USA
Taxis or cabs can be found in inner-city and outlying suburban areas or even within smaller towns. They can be hailed in the street, at special taxi ranks or cab stands, reserved over the phone or booked online. While taxis are extremely convenient for getting between short distances, they can be quite expensive.
Ride-hailing services such as Uber are also widely available in most US cities.
Cycling in the USA
For expats who enjoy eco-friendly travel that involves a bit of exercise, riding a bike can be a good choice. Some cities encourage cycling through designated bicycle lanes, conveniently located public bike racks and lockers, special events and thoughtful urban planning. In many other cities, it's easier, safer and more practical to get around by using other forms of travel, such as a car.
Air travel in the USA
There are several large domestic airlines in the US, such as Southwest Airlines, United Airlines and American Airlines. Smaller regional carriers provide services on more specialised routes but may partner with larger carriers for greater coverage and customer convenience.
Most travellers will purchase their tickets online to take advantage of special discounts, print tickets and check in online ahead of their flight. Of course, tickets can still be purchased through travel agents and at airports.