Expats planning on doing business in New Zealand are sure to find that the country's friendly yet professional corporate atmosphere is well suited to their ambitions.
New Zealand's openness to international trade, lack of government and business corruption, free-market economic reforms, and its reputation for encouraging foreign investment mean that it is recognised as one of the most business-friendly countries in the world.
Its stellar reputation for business does, however, mean that there is a high degree of competition. Having an awareness of the country’s business norms will give expats an added advantage in the corporate environment.
Generally 8.30 or 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday.
The business dress code in New Zealand is difficult to pin down, although appearing well groomed and presentable is highly valued. In more formal business settings, men tend to wear traditional dark suits while women wear business suits or conservative dresses. Some industries do, however, exhibit a relaxed dress code where jeans and sports jackets are not an uncommon sight. The dress code varies depending on the industry.
Greetings in New Zealand are fairly casual and consist of a handshake and direct eye contact.
Gifts are not usually exchanged during business meetings. That said, if invited to a colleague's home, be sure to take along wine, chocolates or flowers to say thank you. Gifts are usually opened in the presence of the giver and should not be overly expensive.
Women are treated as equals in most workplaces in New Zealand, often rising to senior corporate positions.
Business culture in New Zealand
In some ways, the business culture in New Zealand conforms to a typically British model in that it is formal, reserved and conservative. That said, the country's corporate culture distinguishes itself with its characteristically South Pacific warmth and friendliness. This creates a relaxed yet professional atmosphere.
Although the general approach to management in New Zealand is hierarchical, with decisions being made by senior-level executives, ideas, input and collaboration from all members of the organisation are also highly valued. At the same time, although formal titles such as Mr and Mrs are not commonly used in New Zealand, expats may wish to use them rather than first names until they are told otherwise.
Business etiquette in New Zealand will be familiar to expats who have worked in Western corporate environments before. New Zealand businesspeople tend to favour forthrightness, honesty and hard work over self-aggrandisement and empty promises. They will be far more interested in what someone actually does, rather than what they say they can do.
Although Kiwis can initially be reserved, they are generally friendly, hospitable and willing to help. Rewarding personal relationships are often developed between business associates.
When raising a point or responding to someone else's ideas, present points directly with supporting facts and figures. While a relaxed, human-orientated atmosphere is prized in the New Zealand workplace, business decisions remain unemotional and are motivated by the company's best interests.
Expats should expect some informal conversation before getting to 'the agenda' at business meetings. Sport is a massively popular topic of conversation, and expats may want to have one or two complimentary things to say about the All Blacks, New Zealand's national rugby team, for good measure.
Meetings and punctuality
Business meetings should be scheduled at least a week in advance. They should then be confirmed a few days before they are due to take place. Be punctual. Lateness can be seen as a sign of unreliability or even indifference. If possible, avoid scheduling meetings in December and January. This is holiday time in New Zealand, and many people will be on leave.
Maori culture in the New Zealand workplace
Expats who want an added advantage when doing business in New Zealand should keep in mind that although the country is largely Western in character, the indigenous Maori culture plays a significant role in the lives of many residents. As such, while it may not be necessary to learn the intricacies of traditional protocol, displaying an awareness of their culture is sure to go down well with Maori business associates. Maori culture emphasises the importance of building relationships and of showing special respect for elders.
As an example, there is no specific ritual for the exchanging of business cards in New Zealand, although it is typically done when meeting a potential associate for the first time. A nice touch, if meeting with someone with a Maori background, would be for an expat to get one side of their card translated into te reo Māori, the local language.
Dos and don'ts of doing business in New Zealand
Do be polite and reserved, yet willing to develop personal relationships with colleagues
Do get involved in 'team-building' exercises; these are taken quite seriously in New Zealand
Don't try to prove your credentials by talking about them. Rather, show your worth to employers and associates by working hard.
Don't make comparisons between New Zealand and Australia that could be perceived as negative or disrespectful, as this can be a sensitive issue for some people