Expats may face some culture shock in Belgium, especially when they first arrive. Most notably, there are three main languages and many cultures all wrapped up in one fairly small country. Here are a few points to consider when settling into life in Belgium.
Languages in Belgium
The Flemings, who speak Dutch, occupy the northern half of Belgium, whereas the French-speaking Walloons mainly occupy the southern half. There is also a small German-speaking community, and all three are official languages. This is a result of the complex history of the region that is now Belgium, which has been invaded and occupied many times. The country as it exists today has only been around since the mid-1800s.
Most Belgians, particularly in Brussels, are adept with languages and can speak English in addition to their French, Dutch and/or German. It's still a good idea for expats to learn a local language, depending on the area they will be living in and the type of work they will do.
Cultural differences in Belgium
The cultural and linguistic differences can be striking if one travels north into the Flemish areas or south into Wallonia. The buildings and people from the two communities are generally different, so it can sometimes feel like a country divided in half. The perception is that Flemings are more industrious and serious, as well as more reserved. Walloons are perceived to be more relaxed, expressive and outwardly emotional.
Greetings in Belgium
In many respects, the customs and etiquette in Belgium are fairly typical of the broader Western European region. Belgians are largely quite reserved and usually greet people they don't know as friends with a handshake. In the French-speaking community, a kiss on the cheek is often common among people who already know each other.